That reflects the growing disillusionment with Beijing on the part of many American officials and business leaders. The order was the largest move yet in Trump's rapidly unfolding effort to use tariffs — taxes on imported goods — to counter what he sees as unfair trade practices by other countries. It aimed to stop what U.S. officials describe as a years-long effort by China to steal American technology. The US-China Business Council, which represents American companies that do business in China, similarly said in a statement that "China's technology transfer practices and protection of intellectual property need to be addressed and improved." But the group's president, John Frisbie, added that "American business wants to see solutions to these problems, not just sanctions such as unilateral tariffs that may do more harm than good."