Most US Congressional Districts’ Exports to China Bounced Back in 2020


Contact in Washington, DC:
Doug Barry ([email protected]; 202-429-0340)
Contact in Beijing:
Matt Margulies ([email protected]; 86-10-6512-5854)

WASHINGTON—November 1, 2021—Last year, US goods exports to China surged by $18.5 billion—almost 18 percent over 2019. This surge follows near-decade lows in US-China trade in 2019 and the conclusion of the US-China Phase One trade agreement in January 2020, according to a study released today by the US-China Business Council (USCBC), a non-partisan trade association representing more than 260 US companies that do business with China from a wide range of industries.

Sixty-four percent of US congressional districts exported more goods to China in 2020 compared to the year prior, and 72 districts increased their exports by more than $100 million. The uptick was particularly sharp in the farming communities of the Midwest, oil-exporting regions in Texas and Louisiana, and Oregon’s semiconductor hub, also known as Silicon Forest. When it comes to services exports to China, the data for which lag a year behind, most districts saw lower numbers in 2019 than they had seen in 2018.

Phase One purchase commitments boosted US exports to China despite major COVID-related trade disruptions last year. “Our data show that tariff relief by China’s government, which allowed Chinese buyers to purchase US goods based on market demand after years of hampered trade, also helped fuel American goods exports in many parts of the country. USCBC continues to advocate for both the United States and China to draw down and permanently remove all of their respective tariffs,” said Craig Allen, USCBC president.

The number of American jobs supported by trade with China, which factors in both goods and services exports, fell in 2019 as a result of US goods exports declining that year.

“It’s unclear if China will extend the tariff exclusions that made the rebound in US goods exports possible once China’s Phase One purchase commitments expire later this year. A return by both governments to the negotiating table can’t happen fast enough, and we are encouraged that the Phase One agreement is the starting point of new trade discussions,” said Allen. “As our data show, trade between the United States and China has real consequences for businesses, workers, and communities all across the country and nearly every industry.”

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Doug Barry ([email protected]; 202-429-0340)
Matt Margulies ([email protected]; 86-10-6592-0727)