USCBC Releases Annual Report on US Exports to China

China remains important market for American companies, supporting nearly a million jobs in the US

WASHINGTON—April 23, 2024—The US-China Business Council (USCBC), a private, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization of 270 American companies that do business in China, today released its annual US Exports to China report, which provides an overview of the most recent data available on US goods (2023) and services exports (2022) to China and the American jobs supported by those exports (2022).

Topline figures in this year’s report include:

  • $144.9 billion in goods exports to China, 2023, down from $151.4 billion in 2022
  • 931,231 jobs supported by exports to China, 2022, up from 927,000 in 2021
  • $41.8 billion in services exports to China, 2022, up from $39.3 billion in 2021

The US-China trade relationship has grown steadily for decades, but those ties weakened for US goods exports in 2023. US goods exports to China dropped by 4.3 percent in 2023 after reaching a record high the year before. On the services front, US exports to China increased in 2022 but had not recovered from the shock of the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Stunted economic growth in China, Russia’s war in Ukraine, and US-China government-to-government challenges are weighing on the bilateral trade relationship, in addition to longstanding barriers, such as tariffs. Geopolitical tensions and broader economic slowdowns around the world have also led to declines in US exports to other leading foreign markets.

Oilseeds and grains remained the United States’ top export to China despite falling $7 billion from the year prior. Challenges in this sector will worsen if producers in other countries continue becoming more competitive or if US exports are targeted in a future tariff spat between the US and China. 

“It is important for us to remind US lawmakers and those in influential positions that every state and congressional district in the US maintains its own economic and trade relationship with China, and changes in US-China trade policy should be considered very carefully,” USCBC President Craig Allen said. “Trade between the US and China also contributes to geopolitical stability and must be factored into policy decisions related to the future of the bilateral relationship.”

Read the full report


美中贸易全国委员会发布最新《美国对华出口报告

中国仍是美国商品和服务的出口主要市场,美国对华出口支撑了近百万个美国就业岗位。

2024年4月23日,美国华盛顿特区——美中贸易全国委员会(US-China Business Council)今天发布最新《美国对华出口报告》,该报告概述了美国对华商品出口(2023年)和服务出口(2022年)的最新数据,以及通过这些出口支撑的美国就业岗位(2022年)。美中贸易全国委员会是一家非政府、无党派、非营利的机构,拥有270多家在华经营的美国会员公司。

报告主要数据包括:

  • 2023年美国对华商品出口额为1449亿美元,相比2022年的1514亿美元有所下降
  • 2022 年美国对华出口支撑了931,231个美国就业岗位,相比2021年的927,000个美国就业岗位有所上升
  • 2022年美国对华服务出口额为418亿美元,相比2021年的393亿美元有所增长

中美贸易关系已稳步增长数十年,但报告中的数据显示2023年美国对华商品出口已出现下滑。在2022年美国对华商品出口总额创下历史新高后,2023年美国对华商品出口减少了4.3%。在服务出口方面,尽管 2022 年美国对华服务出口略有增长,但仍未从新冠肺炎疫情的旅行限制中恢复。

中国经济增速趋缓、俄乌冲突、中美关系,加之关税等长期壁垒因素,对中美双边贸易关系产生了一定影响。全球地缘政治紧张态势和经济增长放缓也导致美国对其他主要市场出口下降。

尽管与前一年相比减少了70亿美元的出口额,但油籽和谷物仍然是美国对华出口的主要商品。然而,如果其他国家的生产者进一步提高竞争力,或者这些商品成为未来关税争端的目标,该行业面临的挑战将会加剧。

“美国各个州和国会选区都与中国有着独特的经贸关系,我们有必要提醒美国立法者和有影响力的人士慎重对待中美贸易政策”,美中贸易全国委员会会长克雷格·艾伦谈到。“当中美两国的决策者思量关乎双边关系未来的决定时,他们应考虑到中美经贸往来也有助于地缘政治的稳定。”

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